AI – What is Artificial Intelligence

Artificial Intelligence

is a contrast to

Human Intelligence

What is Artificial Intelligence?

Artificial Intelligence suggest that machines can mimic humans in:

  • Talking
  • Thinking
  • Learning
  • Planning
  • Understanding

Artificial Intelligence is also called Machine Intelligence and Computer Intelligence.


Our Definition:

Artificial intelligence is a system that can solve a problem optimally. This means that the system can figure out alone what is the best action to take.


Wikipedia:

AI is intelligence demonstrated by machines, unlike natural intelligence displayed by humans and animals, which involves consciousness and emotionality.


Investopedia:

AI refers to the simulation of human intelligence in machines that are programmed to think like humans and mimic their actions.


Britannica:

AI is the ability of a digital computer or computer-controlled robot to perform tasks commonly associated with intelligent beings. The term is frequently applied to the project of developing systems endowed with the intellectual processes characteristic of humans, such as the ability to reason, discover meaning, generalize, or learn from past experience.


Interesting Questions

Studying AI raises many interesting questions:

“Can computers think like humans?”

“Can computers be smarter than humans?”

“Can computers take over the world?”

Machines can understand verbal commands, recognize faces, drive cars, and play games better than us.

How long will it take before they walk among us?


Why AI Now?

One of the greatest innovators in the field of machine learning was John McCarthy, widely recognized as the “Father of Artificial Intelligence”.

In the mid 1950s, McCarthy coined the term “Artificial Intelligence” and defined it as “the science of making intelligent machines“.

The algorithms has been here since then. Why is AI more intresting now?

The answer is:

  • Computing power has not been strong enough
  • Computer storage has not been large enough
  • Big data has not been available
  • Fast Internet has not been avaiable

Another strong force is the major investments from big companies (Google, Microsoft, Facebook, YouTube) because their datasets became much too big to handle traditionally.


Intelligent Decision Formula

  • Save the result of all actions
  • Simulate all possible outcomes
  • Compare the new action with the old ones
  • Check if the new action is good or bad
  • Choose the new action if it is less bad
  • Do it all over again

The fact that computers can do this millions of times, has proven that computers can take very intelligent desicions.


AI Films

1927Metropolis
19682001 A Space Odyssey
1973Westworld (Film)
1977Demon Seed
1982Blade Runner
1984The Terminator
1986Short Circuit
1999Bicentennial Man
1999The Matrix
2001A.I. (Spielberg)
2013Her
2014Ex Machina
2016Westworld (HBO Series)